Pharmaceutical Sciences Minor

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Pharmaceutical Sciences Minor

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The Pharmaceutical Sciences minor offers unique training for students pursuing careers in healthcare and the pharmaceutical industry.

Flexible in design, this minor permits students from science or non-science disciplines to learn about drug science in a variety of contexts.

Students can meet with an advisor from the undergraduate program in order to customize a program that is best for them. The minor in Pharmaceutical Sciences requires a minimum of 12 credit hours. All students must take PHR2500 and fulfill the remaining nine hours from a list of Pharmacy courses, including at least one designated contemporary issues course. Six of the 12 required hours should be at the 3000+ level.

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Required Courses

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This course provides a comprehensive overview of the drug discovery, development, and delivery process within the U.S. healthcare system, exploring the roles of vested stakeholders (e.g. patients, pharmaceutical industry, providers, insurers, society, etc.) during a drug’s “bench to bedside” development. Additionally, the course discusses post-approval issues with respect to access, social impact, and safety.

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Electives (at least nine hours)

Students must take courses from the following list to bring total hours to 12, including at least one contemporary issues course (designated by *).

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This course presents an overview of basic principles underlying drug action.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Autumn only
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This class introduces students to diverse careers in the field of pharmaceutical and health sciences. Students will be strategically grouped based on their career interests, and will work closely with their instructor and peers to gain knowledge on various career paths. Through this class, students will engage with guest speakers and will come away with a sense of their options and a critical understanding of career and professional development.

  • 0.5 credit hours
  • Autumn only, second session
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Introduces students to diverse careers in the field of pharmaceutical and health sciences. Students will be taken through multiple professional development initiatives, and will work closely with their instructor and peers to gain knowledge on various career paths. Through this class, students will engage with guest speakers and will come away with a plan of how to pursue their future goals.

  • 0.5 credit hours
  • Spring semester only, first session course
  • Prerequisite: PHR 2100, Junior standing
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This course investigates a given drug by assessing its historical use, clinical properties and risks, role in American culture, and other issues surrounding its use and abuse in the United States. Students will engage in activities that will teach them to appropriately analyze various sources of information and effectively communicate key messages using a variety of platforms.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Prerequisite: ENG 1110 or equivalent; fulfills a GE second writing course
  • Both online and in-person sections are available.
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This course provides an overview of effects, regulation, and mechanism of action of addicting drugs with an introduction to function of the nervous system and how this function is altered by drugs.

  • 2 credit hours
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This course introduces the science behind common drugstore products, including over-the-counter (OTC) medications and drug-cosmetics, including how these products work, potential non-drug alternatives, and various drug-related issues involving their use.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Spring semester only  
  • Distance-learning course (100% online)
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This course provides a survey of the profession of pharmacy, dealing with its history, educational requirements, organization, regulation, and contemporary developments.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Autumn semester only 
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This course provides an overview of promising new strategies and technologies in disease treatment.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Spring semester only
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In this course, we analyze America’s drug-taking culture through examining its past, present, and future. Students will identify factors that fuel it, discuss its influence on a patient’s medication experience, and evaluate its role in a current public health crisis – America’s opiate epidemic. The course will conclude with discussing ideas that promote a culture of health.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Distance-Learning course (100% online)
  • Fulfills GE Cultures & Ideas course
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This course will develop core competencies in dealing with ethical issues in healthcare and research settings amidst a biologically, socially, and culturally diverse patient population. This will include a discussion of the ethical responsibilities and professional conduct of the pharmaceutical industry, including clinical drug trials and studies, research, and marketing and promotion. This course will also provide a discussion of basic principles of business ethics and proper ethical conduct in other healthcare industries.

  • 2 credit hours
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This course is designed to provide knowledge about medication therapies and treatment guidelines for common illnesses affecting patients.

  • 2 credit hours, Spring Only
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How should we navigate questions of identity in the world of cognitive and mood enhancing drugs? Where do we draw the line on “smart drugs” for intellectual endeavors or the use of performance enhancing drugs in athletics pursuits? More broadly, we will debate whether and how as a society we might enact particular restraints on our pursuit of human enhancements.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Fulfills GE Cultures & Ideas course
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This course examines the history and biology of vaccines. We explore the discovery and development of vaccines, along with the political and cultural controversies that have surrounded them for centuries.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Fulfills GE History course

 

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The first course in a two-course series covers principles governing the design, synthesis, delivery, action, and use of drugs in disease treatment. Model disease pathophysiology and treatment will be investigated, discussing how biological differences can be targeted for therapeutic gain.

  • 5 credit hours
  • Spring semester only
  • Prerequisite: PHR 3200 or PHR 4100 or BIOCHEM 4511 or BIOCHEM5614†, EEOB 2520†

†concurrent enrollment acceptable

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The second course in a two-course series covers principles governing the design, synthesis, delivery, action, and use of drugs in disease treatment. Model disease pathophysiology and treatment will be investigated, discussing how biological differences can be targeted for therapeutic gain.

  • 5 credit hours
  • Autumn semester only
  • Prerequisite: PHR 4000, EEOB 2520
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Laboratory and library work designed to give the qualified student an opportunity to complete an original investigation or pursue an interest in a special problem.

  • Credit hours vary
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A course designed to use problem-based learning to promote understanding of biomedicinal concepts. Case studies will be assigned, allowing students to apply biochemical principles and communicate with their colleagues in the course.

  • 1 credit hour
  • Spring semester only
  • Prerequisite: PHR 3200 or PHR 4100 or permission of instructor
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An elementary course designed to introduce the student to the topic of pharmacokinetics. The application of biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetic principles as they relate to drug absorption, distribution and elimination will be discussed.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Spring semester only
  • Prerequisite: MATH 1151
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Overviews the production of biopharmaceutical (recombinant biologic) products including therapeutic proteins and antibodies.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Autumn only
  • Prerequisite: PHR 3200 or PHR4100 or BIOCHEM 4511 or BIOCHEM5614†

†concurrent enrollment acceptable

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Focuses on the pharmacology of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). GPCRs constitute a large and diverse family of proteins whose importance is underscored by the fact that at least one third of the currently marketed drugs target these proteins.

  • 1 credit hour
  • Spring only
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This course is designed for pharmaceutical science majors, neuroscience majors, or non-majors with a basic knowledge of biology. This course will serve as an introduction to principles of pharmacological therapy of neurologic and psychiatric diseases.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Autumn only
  • Prerequisite: NEUROSC 3000 or PHR 3200 or PHR 4100 or BIOCHEM 4511 or BIOCHEM 5613 or instructor permission
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Exploration of current research topics in pharmacology through discussions of recently published pharmacology papers.

  • 1 credit hour (repeatable up to 3 times for minor credit)
  • Prerequisite: PHR4000 or PHR4400, or PHR4460; instructor permission required
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Laboratory experience in isolation, synthesis, and evaluation of pharmaceutically relevant compounds.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Prerequisite: CHEM 2520/2920H, PHR 3200†

†concurrent enrollment acceptable

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Examination of the laboratory instrumentation and methods used in the drug discovery process

  • 3 credit hours
  • Prerequisite: PHR 3200 or PHR 4100 or BIOCHEM4511 or BIOCHEM5614†

†concurrent enrollment acceptable

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Course credit earned by conducting research while enrolled as an undergraduate student.

  • 1-18 credit hours
  • Repeatable to a maximum of 60 credit hours or 12 completions
  • Course is graded S/U
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This course overviews principles underlying drug action, including an investigation of current treatments for a variety of common diseases. In addition, this course will implement activities that emphasize the ethical aspects and implications of a variety of drug therapies.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Prerequisite: Not open to students with credit for PHR 2010, Pharmcol 5600 or HTHRHSC 5510
  • Graduate level (permission of instructor required), Summer Only
  • Distance-Learning course (100% online)
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Introduction to economic evaluation of pharmaceutical interventions and pharmacy services, including evaluating costs and health outcomes, using results to inform resource allocation, interpretation and evaluation of pharmacoeconomics literature, and decision analysis in health care.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Prerequisite: Junior standing (not open to students with credit for NURSING 7402)
  • Distance-learning course (100% online)
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Current research findings related to neurobiology of addiction are explained and interpreted.

  • 1 credit hour (repeatable up to three times for minor credit)
  • Prerequisite: introductory knowledge of neurobiology; instructor permission required
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Evolution and development of the profession of pharmacy from antiquity to the present, with emphasis on its Anglo-American development since the 18th century.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Autumn only
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Covers basic information on the effects of dietary factors on pharmaconutrition to be utilized as a foundation in solving patient-related cases in pharmacy practice.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Autumn only
  • Prerequisite: Senior standing
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Provides concepts needed by pharmacists necessary to include nutrition into their daily assessment of patients and integrate their findings into therapeutic gain.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Prerequisite: PHR 5510 and instructor permission
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Study of the theoretical and clinical aspects of the preparation, use, control, and handling of radionuclides and radiopharmaceuticals in medicine.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Autumn only
  • Prerequisite: Junior standing
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Introduction to conducting research in clinical pharmacy including research design issues and ethical considerations. Faculty conducting research in various populations will discuss their research, followed by class discussion.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Autumn only
  • Prerequisite: PHR 4000
  • Course is graded S/U
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Seminar on global pharmaceutical issues and international practices of pharmacy.

  • 2 credit hours
  • Prerequisite: Junior Standing or higher
  • Course is graded S/U
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Explore the meaning of success and leadership, attributes of successful leaders, and what can be done to be a successful leader.

  • 1.5 credit hours
  • Autumn only
  • Prerequisite: instructor permission
  • Course is graded S/U
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The conceptual basis and content of pharmaceutical ethics; significance of codified ethics, inter-professionally considered; individual and group analysis of ethical issues; methods of encouraging compliance.

  • 1.5 credit hours
  • Spring semester only
  • Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
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This lecture- and discussion-based course provides instruction, debate and exploration relating to the impact of chemical dependency on healthcare professionals, including the concepts of addiction, individuals at risk, intervention, withdrawal, emotions, recovery networks, regulatory actions and returning to practice.

  • 3 credit hours
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Exploration of the trend to therapy tailored to the individual patient rather than “one drug fits all;” inter-individual difference in drug responses, with emphasis on genetic and genomic factors; ethical, regulatory, and economic issues that impact drug therapies.

  • 3 credit hours
  • Distance Learning 100% online
  • Credit for Introductory Biology course recommended prior to enrollment